Kolkheti National Park is located on the Black Sea coast, in the surroundings of the Paliastomi Lake. The purpose of the Park is protection of the whole complex of relic flora and fauna characteristic of the lowland. The National Park has a great scientific research and historical value. The sand dunes, displaced by the sea waves along the coast for centuries, moved the lagoon away the saline water of the sea, pure water flowing from the river Pechora into the Paliastomi Lake made lake water fresh and as a result an ideal living environment for different species of fish was created in the three-meter-deep natural reservoir.
Colchis wetlands, first of all, are important because its relict origin. This lowland is remains of tropical and subtropical landscape of Cenozoic era, which was stretched as a continuous line on the whole Eurasian continent about 10 million years ago. In Kolkheti the plants, which are characteristic of tundra of the far north and taiga of wetland ecosystems, still exist.
Kolkheti National Park area is especially interesting in botanical point of view. Here are phytocenosis complexes, which are quite diverse with floristic composition and rich in relict and endemic species –different plant groups of sandy dunes located along marshland, wetland forests and the sea. Phytocenosis complexes are mainly represented by the following species: spurge, sea holly, Colchis sedge, cogon grass, astragalus, coastal hedge nettle, catchfly, paliurus, hawthorn, sea-buckthorn and others.
Unlike National Parks of Vashlovani, Lagodekhi and Borjomi-Kharagauli, in the Kolkheti National Park boating tours are more popular than walking. This is not surprising as the best way to explore the wetlands is a motor boat. If you are interested in ornithology, the Kolkheti National Park can offer you a special tour.