Samshvilde is one of the oldest fortified cities in eastern Georgia, which has been preserved in the form of ruins. Samshvilde, as one of the strong fortress cities, is mentioned in connection with the campaign of Alexander the Great to Kartli. Since the time of the first king of Kartli, Farnavaz, it is the city and center of Eristavi. In Kvemo Kartli, also, is the oldest fortress of Kldekari.
Towering on the rocky peak of the Trialeti Range, the Kldekari fortress and the gate leading to the fortress, the gates carved into the rock are the most important historical property of the region. The fortress, built in the 70s of the 9th century, was the center of Eristavi and the residence of Eristavi-Bagvashti. All this unites in the museum-reserve Samshvilde and Kldekari.
Here you will find the oldest megalithic complexes, the valley of mounds, church and secular archeological monuments, the village of Avranoli, located 1600 m above sea level, carved into the rocks of the canyon of the church and many other amazing cultural monuments. One of the main sights of Georgia of the Middle Ages is an important point, Akhalkalaki of Trialeti, the current Darbashi.
The church standing on the bank of the temple (X-XI centuries, bronze) is one of the best examples of Trialeti architecture. The stones of the church contain rich epigraphic materials and completely unique samples of stone sculptures. In a deep canyon visitors can enjoy waterfalls and lakes.